Ralph J. Marino, MD

Project Director and Clinical Director,
Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital


Journal Articles

  1. Alexander MS, Biering-Sorensen F, Bodner D, Brackett NL, Cardenas D, Charlifue S et al. International standards to document remaining autonomic function after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(1):36-43.
  2. Anderson K, Aito S, Atkins M, Biering-Sorensen F, Charlifue S, Curt A, Marino R et al. Functional recovery measures for spinal cord injury: an evidence-based review for clinical practice and research. J Spinal Cord Med 2008; 31(2):133-144.
  3. Biering-Sorensen F, Alexander MS, Burns S, Charlifue S, Devivo M, Dietz V et al. Recommendations for translation and reliability testing of international spinal cord injury data sets. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(3):357-360.
  4. Burns AS, Delparte JJ, Patrick M, Marino RJ, Ditunno JF. The reproducibility and convergent validity of the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI) in chronic spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2011; 25(2):149-157.
  5. Burns AS, Marino RJ, Flanders AE, Flett H. Clinical diagnosis and prognosis following spinal cord injury. Handbook Clin Neurol 2012; 109:47-62.
  6. Cohen JT, Marino RJ, Sacco P, Terrin N. Association between the Functional Independence Measure following spinal cord injury and long-term outcomes. Spinal Cord 2012; 50(10):728-733.
  7. Ditunno JF, Scivoletto G, Patrick M, Biering-Sorensen F, Abel R, Marino R. Validation of the walking index for spinal cord injury in a US and European clinical population. Spinal Cord 2008; 46(3):181-188.
  8. Ditunno JF, Jr., Burns AS, Marino RJ. Neurological and functional capacity outcome measures: essential to spinal cord injury clinical trials. J Rehabil Res Dev 2005; 42(3 Suppl 1):35-41.
  9. Ditunno JF, Jr., Barbeau H, Dobkin BH, Elashoff R, Harkema S, Marino RJ et al. Validity of the walking scale for spinal cord injury and other domains of function in a multicenter clinical trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2007; 21(6):539-550.
  10. Ditunno JF, Jr., Ditunno PL, Scivoletto G, Patrick M, Dijkers M, Barbeau H et al. The Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI/WISCI II): nature, metric properties, use and misuse. Spinal Cord 2013; 51(5):346-355.
  11. Hatzakis MJ, Jr., Bryce N, Marino R. Cruciate paralysis, hypothesis for injury and recovery. Spinal Cord 2000; 38(2):120-125.
  12. Harvey L, Marino R. The Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury. Aust J Physiother 2009; 55(1):66.
  13. Jette AM, Slavin MD, Ni P, Kisala PA, Tulsky DS, Heinemann AW et al. Development and initial evaluation of the SCI-FI/AT. J Spinal Cord Med 2015; 38(3):409-418.
  14. Johnston TE, Marino RJ, Oleson CV, Schmidt-Read M, Modlesky CM. Cycling with functional electrical stimulation before and after a distal femur fracture in a man with paraplegia. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2015; 21(4):275-281.
  15. Johnston TE, Marino RJ, Oleson CV, Schmidt-Read M, Leiby BE, Sendecki J et al. Musculoskeletal effects of 2 functional electrical stimulation cycling paradigms conducted at different cadences for people with spinal cord injury: a pilot study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016; 97(9):1413-1422.
  16. Kim MO, Burns AS, Ditunno JF, Jr., Marino RJ. The assessment of walking capacity using the walking index for spinal cord injury: self-selected versus maximal levels. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88(6):762-767.
  17. Kirshblum S, Botticello A, Lammertse DP, Marino RJ, Chiodo AE, Jha A. The impact of sacral sensory sparing in motor complete spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011; 92(3):376-383.
  18. Kirshblum SC, Botticello AL, Dyson-Hudson TA, Byrne R, Marino RJ, Lammertse DP. Patterns of sacral sparing components on neurologic recovery in newly injured persons with traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016; 97(10):1647-1655.
  19. Krassioukov AV, Karlsson AK, Wecht JM, Wuermser LA, Mathias CJ, Marino RJ. Assessment of autonomic dysfunction following spinal cord injury: Rationale for additions to International Standards for Neurological Assessment. J Rehabil Res Dev 2007; 44(1):103-112.
  20. Lammertse D, Dungan D, Dreisbach J, Falci S, Flanders A, Marino R et al. Neuroimaging in traumatic spinal cord injury: an evidence-based review for clinical practice and research. J Spinal Cord Med 2007; 30(3):205-214.
  21. Lee BA, Leiby BE, Marino RJ. Neurological and functional recovery after thoracic spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2016; 39(1):67-76.
  22. Linassi G, Li Pi SR, Marino RJ. A web-based computer program to determine the ASIA impairment classification. Spinal Cord 2010; 48(2):100-104.
  23. Marino RJ, Barros T, Biering-Sorensen F, Burns SP, Donovan WH, Graves DE et al. International standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26(Suppl 1):S50-S56.
  24. Marino RJ, Graves DE. Metric properties of the ASIA motor score: subscales improve correlation with functional activities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(11):1804-1810.
  25. Marino RJ. Neurological and functional outcomes in spinal cord injury: review and recommendations. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2005; 10(4):51-64.
  26. Marino RJ. Domains of outcomes in spinal cord injury for clinical trials to improve neurological function. J Rehabil Res Dev 2007; 44(1):113-122.
  27. Marino RJ, Jones L, Kirshblum S, Tal J, Dasgupta A. Reliability and repeatability of the motor and sensory examination of the international standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2008; 31(2):166-170.
  28. Marino RJ, Scivoletto G, Patrick M, Tamburella F, Read MS, Burns AS, Hauck W, Ditunno J. Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury Version 2 (WISCI-II) with repeatability of the 10-m walk time: inter- and intrarater reliabilities. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2010; 89(1):7-15.
  29. Marino RJ, Burns S, Graves DE, Leiby BE, Kirshblum S, Lammertse DP. Upper- and lower-extremity motor recovery after traumatic cervical spinal cord injury: an update from the national spinal cord injury database. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011; 92(3):369-375.
  30. Marino RJ, Patrick M, Albright W, Leiby BE, Mulcahey M, Schmidt-Read M et al. Development of an objective test of upper-limb function in tetraplegia: the capabilities of upper extremity test. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2012; 91(6):478-486.
  31. Marino RJ, Kern SB, Leiby B, Schmidt-Read M, Mulcahey MJ. Reliability and validity of the capabilities of upper extremity test (CUE-T) in subjects with chronic spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2015; 38(4):498-504.
  32. Marino RJ, Schmidt-Read M, Kirshblum SC, Dyson-Hudson TA, Tansey K, Morse LR et al. Reliability and validity of S3 pressure sensation as an alternative to deep anal pressure in neurologic classification of persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016; 97(10):1642-1646.
  33. Oleson CV, Marino RJ. Responsiveness and concurrent validity of the revised Capabilities of Upper Extremity-Questionnaire (CUE-Q) in patients with acute tetraplegia. Spinal Cord 2014; 52(8):625-628.
  34. Oleson CV, Marino RJ, Leiby BE, Ditunno JF. Influence of age alone, and age combined with pinprick, on recovery of walking function in motor complete, sensory incomplete spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016; 97(10):1635-1641.
  35. Patrick M, Ditunno P, Ditunno JF, Marino RJ, Scivoletto G, Lam T et al. Consumer preference in ranking walking function utilizing the walking index for spinal cord injury II. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(12):1164-1172.
  36. Ploumis A, Kolli S, Patrick M, Owens M, Beris A, Marino RJ. Length of stay and medical stability for spinal cord-injured patients on admission to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital: a comparison between a model SCI trauma center and non-SCI trauma center. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(3):411-415.
  37. Ragnarsson KT, Wuermser LA, Cardenas DD, Marino RJ. Spinal cord injury clinical trials for neurologic restoration: improving care through clinical research. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 84(11 Suppl):S77-S97.
  38. Sipski-Alexander M, Marino R, Kennelly M, Krassioukov A, Stiens S. Autonomic standards and SCI: preliminary considerations. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2006; 11(3):101-109.
  39. Slavin MD, Ni P, Tulsky DS, Kisala PA, Heinemann AW, Charlifue S et al. Spinal Cord Injury-Functional Index/Assistive Technology short forms. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016; 97(10):1745-1752.
  40. Steeves JD, Kramer JK, Fawcett JW, Cragg J, Lammertse DP, Blight AR et al. Extent of spontaneous motor recovery after traumatic cervical sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(2):257-265.
  41. Vaccaro AR, Baron EM, Sanfilippo J, Jacoby S, Steuve J, Grossman E, Marino R et al. Reliability of a novel classification system for thoracolumbar injuries: the Thoracolumbar Injury Severity Score. Spine 2006; 31(11 Suppl):S62-S69.
  42. Walden K, Belanger LM, Biering-Sorensen F, Burns SP, Echeverria E, Kirshblum S et al. Development and validation of a computerized algorithm for International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI). Spinal Cord 2016; 54(3):197-203.
  43. Waring WP, III, Biering-Sorensen F, Burns S, Donovan W, Marino R, Schmidt-Read M et al. 2009 review and revisions of the international standards for the neurological classification of spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2010; 33(4):346-352.
  44. Wilson JR, BSc LT, Aarabi B, Anderson PA, Arnold PM, Brodke DS et al. Guidelines for the management of patients with spinal cord injury: the optimal timing of decompression. Neurosurgery 2016; 63 Suppl 1:172.
  45. Zohrabian VM, Parker L, Harrop JS, Vaccaro AR, Marino RJ, Flanders AE. Can anatomic level of injury on MRI predict neurological level in acute cervical spinal cord injury? Br J Neurosurg 2016; 30(2):204-210.
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