John F. Ditunno, Jr., MD

Researcher and Emeritus Project Director,
Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital


Journal Articles

  1. Abel R, Cerrel Bazo HA, Kluger PJ, Selmi F, Meiners T, Vaccaro A, Ditunno J et al. Management of degenerative changes and stenosis of the lumbar spinal canal secondary to cervical spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2003; 41(4):211-219.
  2. Alexander MS, Biering-Sorensen F, Bodner D, Brackett NL, Cardenas D, Charlifue S et al. International standards to document remaining autonomic function after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(1):36-43.
  3. Alexander MS, Anderson KD, Biering-Sorensen F, Blight AR, Brannon R, Bryce TN et al. Outcome measures in spinal cord injury: recent assessments and recommendations for future directions. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(8):582-591.
  4. Anderson K, Aito S, Atkins M, Biering-Sorensen F, Charlifue S, Ditunno J et al. Functional recovery measures for spinal cord injury: an evidence-based review for clinical practice and research. J Spinal Cord Med 2008; 31(2):133-144.
  5. Barbeau H, Elashoff R, Deforge D, Ditunno J, Saulino M, Dobkin BH. Comparison of speeds used for the 15.2-meter and 6-minute walks over the year after an incomplete spinal cord injury: the SCILT Trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2007; 21(4):302-306.
  6. Blight A, Curt A, Ditunno JF, Dobkin B, Ellaway P, Fawcett J et al. Position statement on the sale of unproven cellular therapies for spinal cord injury: the international campaign for cures of spinal cord injury paralysis. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(9):713-714.
  7. Burns AS, Ditunno JF. Establishing prognosis and maximizing functional outcomes after spinal cord injury: a review of current and future directions in rehabilitation management. Spine 2001; 26(24 Suppl):S137-S145.
  8. Burns AS, Rivas DA, Ditunno JF, Jr. The management of neurogenic bladder and sexual dysfunction after spinal cord injury. Spine 2001; 26(24 Suppl):S129-S136.
  9. Burns AS, Lee BS, Ditunno JF, Jr., Tessler A. Patient selection for clinical trials: the reliability of the early spinal cord injury examination. J Neurotrauma 2003; 20(5):477-482.
  10. Burns AS, Delparte JJ, Patrick M, Marino RJ, Ditunno JF. The reproducibility and convergent validity of the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI) in chronic spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2011; 25(2):149-157.
  11. Cardenas DD, Ditunno J, Graziani V, Jackson AB, Lammertse D, Potter P et al. Phase 2 trial of sustained-release fampridine in chronic spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2007; 45(2):158-168.
  12. Cardenas DD, Ditunno JF, Graziani V, McLain AB, Lammertse DP, Potter PJ et al. Two phase 3, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials of fampridine-SR for treatment of spasticity in chronic spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2014; 52(1):70-76.
  13. Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Sexuality and reproductive health in adults with spinal cord injury: a clinical practice guideline for health-care professionals. J Spinal Cord Med 2010; 33(3):281-336.
  14. Ditunno J, Scivoletto G. Clinical relevance of gait research applied to clinical trials in spinal cord injury. Brain Res Bull 2009; 78(1):35-42.
  15. Ditunno JF, Little JW, Tessler A, Burns AS. Spinal shock revisited: a four-phase model. Spinal Cord 2004; 42(7):383-395.
  16. Ditunno JF, Scivoletto G, Patrick M, Biering-Sorensen F, Abel R, Marino R. Validation of the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury in a US and European clinical population. Spinal Cord 2008; 46(3):181-188.
  17. Ditunno JF. Outcome measures: evolution in clinical trials of neurological/functional recovery in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2010; 48(9):674-684.
  18. Ditunno JF, Cardenas DD, Formal C, Dalal K. Advances in the rehabilitation management of acute spinal cord injury. Handbook Clin Neurol 2012; 109:181-195.
  19. Ditunno JF, Jr., Cohen ME, Hauck WW, Jackson AB, Sipski ML. Recovery of upper-extremity strength in complete and incomplete tetraplegia: a multicenter study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81(4):389-393.
  20. Ditunno JF, Jr., Ditunno PL, Graziani V, Scivoletto G, Bernardi M, Castellano V et al. Walking index for spinal cord injury (WISCI): an international multicenter validity and reliability study. Spinal Cord 2000; 38(4):234-243.
  21. Ditunno JF, Jr. Multicenter clinical trials to establish the benefit of early intervention in spinal cord injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2001; 80(9):713-716.
  22. Ditunno JF, Jr., Apple DF, Burns AS, Donovan WH, Hagglund KJ, Lammertse DP et al. A view of the future Model Spinal Cord Injury System through the prism of past achievements and current challenges. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26(2):110-115.
  23. Ditunno JF, Jr. Point of view. Spine 2004; 29(20):2283.
  24. Ditunno JF, Jr., Burns AS, Marino RJ. Neurological and functional capacity outcome measures: essential to spinal cord injury clinical trials. J Rehabil Res Dev 2005; 42(3 Suppl 1):35-41.
  25. Ditunno JF, Jr., Barbeau H, Dobkin BH, Elashoff R, Harkema S, Marino RJ et al. Validity of the walking scale for spinal cord injury and other domains of function in a multicenter clinical trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2007; 21(6):539-550.
  26. Ditunno JF, Jr., Ditunno PL, Scivoletto G, Patrick M, Dijkers M, Barbeau H et al. The Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI/WISCI II): nature, metric properties, use and misuse. Spinal Cord 2013; 51(5):346-355.
  27. Dittuno PL, Dittuno JJ, Jr. Walking index for spinal cord injury (WISCI II): scale revision. Spinal Cord 2001; 39(12):654-656.
  28. Ditunno PL, Patrick M, Stineman M, Morganti B, Townson AF, Ditunno JF. Cross-cultural differences in preference for recovery of mobility among spinal cord injury rehabilitation professionals. Spinal Cord 2006; 44(9):567-575.
  29. Ditunno PL, Patrick M, Stineman M, Ditunno JF. Who wants to walk? Preferences for recovery after SCI: a longitudinal and cross-sectional study. Spinal Cord 2008; 46(7):500-506.
  30. Ditunno PL, Patrick M, Stineman M, Ditunno JF. Recovery patterns are observable, predictable and reflect therapist-measured assessments of how well a person is able to perform specific tasks. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(4):347-348.
  31. Ditunno PL, Ditunno JF, Jr. Walking index for spinal cord injury (WISCI II): scale revision. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(4):349.
  32. Dobkin B, Barbeau H, Deforge D, Ditunno J, Elashoff R, Apple D et al. The evolution of walking-related outcomes over the first 12 weeks of rehabilitation for incomplete traumatic spinal cord injury: the multicenter randomized spinal cord injury locomotor trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2007; 21(1):25-35.
  33. Dobkin B, Apple D, Barbeau H, Basso M, Behrman A, Deforge D, Ditunno J et al. Weight-supported treadmill vs over-ground training for walking after acute incomplete SCI. Neurology 2006; 66(4):484-493.
  34. Dobkin BH, Apple D, Barbeau H, Basso M, Behrman A, Deforge D, Ditunno J et al. Methods for a randomized trial of weight-supported treadmill training versus conventional training for walking during inpatient rehabilitation after incomplete traumatic spinal cord injury. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2003; 17(3):153-167.
  35. Doherty JG, Burns AS, O'Ferrall DM, Ditunno JF, Jr. Prevalence of upper motor neuron vs lower motor neuron lesions in complete lower thoracic and lumbar spinal cord injuries. J Spinal Cord Med 2002; 25(4):289-292.
  36. Fawcett JW, Curt A, Steeves JD, Coleman WP, Tuszynski MH, Ditunno J et al. Guidelines for the conduct of clinical trials for spinal cord injury as developed by the ICCP panel: spontaneous recovery after spinal cord injury and statistical power needed for therapeutic clinical trials. Spinal Cord 2007; 45(3):190-205.
  37. Helkowski WM, Ditunno JF, Jr., Boninger M. Autonomic dysreflexia: incidence in persons with neurologically complete and incomplete tetraplegia. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26(3):244-247.
  38. Jackson AB, Carnel CT, Ditunno JF, Read MS, Boninger ML, Schmeler MR et al. Outcome measures for gait and ambulation in the spinal cord injury population. J Spinal Cord Med 2008; 31(5):487-499.
  39. Kim MO, Burns AS, Ditunno JF, Jr., Marino RJ. The assessment of walking capacity using the walking index for spinal cord injury: self-selected versus maximal levels. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88(6):762-767.
  40. Lammertse D, Tuszynski MH, Steeves JD, Curt A, Fawcett JW, Ditunno J et al. Guidelines for the conduct of clinical trials for spinal cord injury as developed by the ICCP panel: clinical trial design. Spinal Cord 2007; 45(3):232-242.
  41. Little JW, Ditunno JF, Jr. Soleus H-reflex in spastic spinal cord injury patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(12):2070-2071.
  42. MacKenzie EJ, Sacco WJ, Luchter S, Ditunno JF, Staz CF, Gruen GS et al. Validating the Functional Capacity Index as a measure of outcome following blunt multiple trauma. Qual Life Res 2002; 11(8):797-808.
  43. Marino RJ, Scivoletto G, Patrick M, Tamburella F, Read MS, Burns AS, Hauck W, Ditunno J. Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury Version 2 (WISCI-II) with repeatability of the 10-m walk time: inter- and intrarater reliabilities. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2010; 89(1):7-15.
  44. McLain A, Akins Y, Richards JS, Chen YY, Ditunno JF. Dr. Samuel Stover: promoting health and participation through leadership in spinal cord injury medicine. PM&R 2013; 5(10):809-815.
  45. Morganti B, Scivoletto G, Ditunno P, Ditunno JF, Molinari M. Walking index for spinal cord injury (WISCI): criterion validation. Spinal Cord 2005; 43(1):27-33.
  46. Oleson CV, Burns AS, Ditunno JF, Geisler FH, Coleman WP. Prognostic value of pinprick preservation in motor complete, sensory incomplete spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86(5):988-992.
  47. Oleson CV, Marino RJ, Leiby BE, Ditunno JF. Influence of Age Alone, and Age Combined With Pinprick, on Recovery of Walking Function in Motor Complete, Sensory Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016; 97(10):1635-1641.
  48. Patrick M, Ditunno P, Ditunno JF, Marino RJ, Scivoletto G, Lam T et al. Consumer preference in ranking walking function utilizing the walking index for spinal cord injury II. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(12):1164-1172.
  49. Schmidt Read M, Sisto SA, Ditunno JF. Standardized ambulation assessments following spinal cord injury. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2008; 14(1):39-60.
  50. Scivoletto G, Morganti B, Ditunno P, Ditunno JF, Molinari M. Effects on age on spinal cord lesion patients' rehabilitation. Spinal Cord 2003; 41(8):457-464.
  51. Scivoletto G, Ivanenko Y, Morganti B, Grasso R, Zago M, Lacquaniti F, Ditunno J et al. Plasticity of spinal centers in spinal cord injury patients: new concepts for gait evaluation and training. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2007; 21(4):358-365.
  52. Scivoletto G, Tamburella F, Laurenza L, Foti C, Ditunno JF, Molinari M. Validity and reliability of the 10-m walk test and the 6-min walk test in spinal cord injury patients. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(6):736-740.
  53. Scivoletto G, Tamburella F, Laurenza L, Torre M, Molinari M, Ditunno JF. Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury version II in acute spinal cord injury: reliability and reproducibility. Spinal Cord 2014; 52(1):65-69.
  54. Steeves JD, Lammertse D, Curt A, Fawcett JW, Tuszynski MH, Ditunno JF et al. Guidelines for the conduct of clinical trials for spinal cord injury (SCI) as developed by the ICCP panel: clinical trial outcome measures. Spinal Cord 2007; 45(3):206-221.
  55. Steeves JD, Kramer JK, Fawcett JW, Cragg J, Lammertse DP, Blight AR et al. Extent of spontaneous motor recovery after traumatic cervical sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2011; 49(2):257-265.
  56. Tuszynski MH, Steeves JD, Fawcett JW, Lammertse D, Kalichman M, Rask C, Ditunno JF et al. Guidelines for the conduct of clinical trials for spinal cord injury as developed by the ICCP Panel: clinical trial inclusion/exclusion criteria and ethics. Spinal Cord 2007; 45(3):222-231.
  57. van Middendorp JJ, Hosman AJ, Donders AR, Pouw MH, Ditunno JF, Jr., Curt A et al. A clinical prediction rule for ambulation outcomes after traumatic spinal cord injury: a longitudinal cohort study. Lancet 2011; 377(9770):1004-1010.
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